Thomas Hardy (1840-1928)
A selective list of online literary criticism for the English Victorian era novelist and poet Thomas Hardy, favoring signed articles by recognized scholars and articles published in peer-reviewed sources
Introduction & Biography
"Thomas Hardy." An introduction to Hardy from XJ Kennedy and Dana Gioia's Introduction to Fiction.
"Thomas Hardy." Hardy's style, techniques, themes, and the cultural and historical context. Victorian Web, ed. George Landow.
"Thomas Hardy." An encyclopedia-type introduction to Hardy, includes a biography and a list of his works and a recommended reading list. Poetry Foundation.
Very brief introduction to Thomas Hardy from the Academy of American Poets.
Thomas, Jane. A substantial introduction to Thomas Hardy from the Literary Encyclopedia, 17 July 2001 [subscription service].
Introduction to Thomas Hardy's war poetry, a study guide for undergraduates. Also A study guide for Thomas Hardy's poetry, which contains 2-3 paragraph discussions of the following poems: The Going of the Battery, Drummer Hodge, The Man He Killed, Channel Firing, In Time of The Breaking of Nations, The Going, The Haunter, The Voice, During Wind and Rain, The Darkling Thrush, Shut Out That Moon, To an Unborn Pauper Child, The Oxen, Afterwards. Universal Teacher, ed. Andrew Moore.
The Thomas Hardy Association, which provides some free material for non-members.
Armstrong, Tim. A chapter from Haunted Hardy: Poetry, History, Memory (Palgrave 2000). "Thomas Hardy’s poetry, like his life, is full of secrets."
Austin, Linda M. "Reading Depression in Hardy's Poems of 1912-13." On Hardy's Poems of 1912-13 as a sequential response to mourning. Victorian Poetry 36 (Spring 1998) [first page only, blurred, jstor].
Kreilkamp, Ivan. "Pitying the Sheep in Far from the Madding Crowd. Novel: A Forum on Fiction, Fall 2009 [first page of article only].
Longo, Mary Ann Tighe. "Dysfunctional families and determinism in the fiction of Thomas Hardy." Dissertation, 1993, U of Nebraska. Lincoln.
Shumaker, Jeanette Roberts Abjection and degeneration in Thomas Hardy's "Barbara of the House of Grebe." College Literature, Spring 1999.
1998-2012 by Jan Pridmore