Matthew Arnold's First Editions
"Alaric at Rome," 1840; and "Cromwell," 1843. Matthew Arnold's earliest publications, poems for which he won prizes while in college, two pamphlets.
The Strayed Reveller, and Other Poems, 1849. London: B. Fellowes. Arnold's first book of poetry.
Empedocles on Etna, and Other Poems, 1852. London: B. Fellowes. His second published volume. Both this and The Strayed Reveller were published anonymously, by "A."
Poems, 1853. A New Edition. London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans. The first collection of his poetry that included Matthew Arnold's name as the author. It reprinted some of the poems from the two earlier volumes and also contained new poetry. As Tinker and Lowry note, "the poet's intention was, obviously, to include in this volume all that he cared to acknowledge as his own."
Poems. Second Series, 1855. London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans. Included different poems salvaged from The Strayed Reveller and Empedocles on Etna.
An American edition came out in 1856 from Ticknor and Fields in Boston, titled Poems: A New and Complete Edition, that combined material from the First and Second Series, which made this the most extensive collection of his poetry to appear to date.
New Poems. 1867. London: Macmillan and Co. Contained some new poems, including the first publication of "Dover Beach," and some old, reinstated poems, notably "Empedocles on Etna."
Poems, 1869. London: Macmillan and Co. The first Collected Edition of Arnold's poetry. Issued in two volumes, and grouped the poems according to types: The First Volume, Narrative and Elegiac Poems; the Second Volume, Dramatic and Lyric Poems.
Selected Poems of Matthew Arnold, 1878, issued by Macmillan and contained 53 poems that were selected by Arnold. Reissued in 1879, with one alteration, and frequently thereafter.
Poems. 1881. A new edition from Macmillan, contained almost no alterations from 1877.
Poems, 1885. London: Macmillan and Co. Issued in three volumes and contained a new heading, "Later Poems." The (unnumbered) volumes were  Early Poems, Narrative Poems, and Sonnets;  Lyric and Elegiac Poems.  Dramatic and Later Poems.
Poetical Works of Matthew Arnold, 1890. London: Macmillan and Co. Issued two and a half years after Arnold's death, a one-volume edition of his poetry. Added two late poems and included his photograph on the frontispiece.
Smart, Thomas Burnett. The Bibliography of Matthew Arnold, (1892). A still reliable descriptive account of Arnold's works, includes a list of the poems in each of his editions.
[This discussion of Arnold's editions is taken from C.B. Tinker and H.F. Lowry, The Poetry of Matthew Arnold, A Commentary, and Thomas Burnett Smart, The Bibliography of Matthew Arnold.]
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